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Fundamental ILO Conventions

Eight ILO Conventions have been identified by the ILO’s Governing Body as being fundamental to the rights of people at work, irrespective of levels of development of individual member states. They are:


Freedom of Association

#   87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise
Convention, 1948.
#   98 Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949

The Abolition of Forced Labour

#   29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930
# 105 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957



# 100 Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951
# 111 Discrimination (employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958


The Elimination of Child Labour

# 138 Minimum Age Convention, 1973
# 182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999

For more information about the ILO’s International Labour Standards visit the web site of the ILO’s Department of Standards and Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work at

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