ilologo2.gif (2827 bytes)International
Labour Organization

logactra.gif (6461 bytes)Bureau for
Workers' Activities


Europe

This index includes documents on Europe. Documents concerning all developed countries are excluded from this index, even though the focus might be on Europe. For example, all documents concerning the entire OECD area are excluded.

Annual Economic Report 1997

Chapter 2: Key structural challenges facing the Community: 2.1. Technological progress, 2.2. Globalisation: 2.2.1. Trade, 2.2.2. Foreign direct investment, 2.2.3 Financial capital movements, 2.2.4. Economic implications, 2.3. Competitiveness, 2.4. Capital-labour substitution and employment growth, 2.4.1. Substitution of labour by capital, 2.4.2. Substitution and wage developments, 2.5. Policy implications

Annual survey of global takeover activity

Central and Eastern Europe, Western Europe

Approximation of the laws of the EU Member States relating to collective redundancies

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up, Commission implementing measures

Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)

Participants, History, Results

The British Toy and Hobby Association's Code of Practice

A Charter by the Social Partners in the European Textile and Clothing Sector

Collective Bargaining in Central European Subsidiaries of Multinationals

Introduction, Food and Beverages industry: Description of Companies: Ownership and Subsidiaries of the Multinationals, Domestic Owned Companies as a Comparison Group, Employment, Turnover and Markets, Position of the Trade Unions, Employees’ Participation in the Decision Making Process, Collective Bargaining, Collective Agreement, Metal Industry: Description of Companies, Ownership and Subsidiaries of the Multinationals, Domestic Owned Companies as a Comparison Group, Employment, Turnover and Markets, Position of the Trade Unions, Employees’ Participation in the Decision Making Process, Collective Bargaining, Collective Agreement, Summary and Conclusions

Council of Europe

Working together for freedom, A changing composition and role, The Council of Europe in the European institutional landscape, How the Council of Europe works, Practical activities with tangible results, Priorities for co-operation, Special programmes of co-operation with the new democracies, The 40 member states of Council of Europe, European Convention on the Legal Status of Migrant Workers, European Convention on Social Security, Protocol to the European Convention on Social Security, Supplementary Agreement for the Application of the European Convention on Social Security, European Interim Agreement on Social Security Schemes Relating to Old Age, Invalidity and Survivors, European Interim Agreement on Social Security Other than Schemes for Old Age, Invalidity and Survivors and Protocol Thereof, European Social Charter, European Code of Social Security, Protocol to the European Code of Social Security, Statute of Council of Europe

Cross-border merger and acquisition purchases: Western Europe, 1990-1996

Cross-border merger and acquisition purchases: Eastern Europe, 1990-1996

Employer's obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to the employement contract or relationship

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References

EU Countries Foreign Direct Investment 1996

An EU employment agenda for the year 2000

Recent developments in jobs and employability, The main questions for the employment agenda:, The main problem is job creation, The skills gap - A major structural problem, Flexibility in working patterns, Flexibility in wages and salaries, Geographical mobility, Occupational mobility, Adjusting to the capacities of individuals, Dynamics of the labour market, The way forward: an employment agenda for the year 2000

European Agency for Health and Safety at Work

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up

European Code of Social Security

Preamble, Part I: General provisions, Part II: Medical care, Part III: Sickness benefit, Part IV: Unemployment benefit, Part V: Old-age benefit, Part VI: Employment injury benefit, Part VII: Family benefit, Part VIII: Maternity benefit, Part IX: Invalidity benefit, Part X: Survivors' benefit, Part XI: Standards to be complied with by periodical payments, Part: XII: Common provisions, Part XIII: Miscellaneous provisions, Part XIV: Final provisions , Annex, Addenda 1, Addenda, Protocol to the European Code of Social Security

European Company Statute

Objective, Proposal, Contents, Opinion of the European Parliament, Current Status of the proposal, References

European Convention on the Legal Status of Migrant Workers

Preamble, Definition, Forms of recruitment, Medical examinations and vocational test, Right of exit - Right to admission - Administrative formalities, Formalities and procedure relating to the work contract, Information, Travel, Work permit, Residence permit, Reception, Recovery of sums due in respect of maintenance, Family reunion, Housing, Pretraining - Schooling - Linguistic training - Vocational training and retraining, Teaching of the migrant worker's mother tongue, Conditions of work, Transfer of savings, Social Security, Social and Medical Assistance, Industrial accidents and occupational diseases - Industrial hygiene, Inspection of working conditions, Death, Taxation on earnings, Expiry of contract and discharge, Re-employment, Right of access to the courts and administrative authorities in the receiving State, Use of employment services, Exercise of the right to organise, Participation in the affairs of the undertaking, Return home, Conservation of acquired rights, Relations between this Convention and the laws of the Contracting Parties or international agreements, Application of the Convention, Signature, ratification and entry into force, Territorial scope, Reservations, Denunciation of the Convention, Notifications

European Convention on Social Security

Preamble, Title I: General Provisions, Title II: Provisions which determine the legislation applicable, Title III: Special provisions governing the various categories of benefits, Chapter 1 - Sickness and maternity, Chapter 2 - Invalidity, old age and death pensions, Chapter 3 - Occupational injuries and diseases, Chapter 4 - Death grants, Chapter 5 - Unemployment, Chapter 6 - Family benefits, Title IV: Miscellaneous provisions, Title V: Transitional and final provisions, Protocol to the European Convention on Social Security, Supplementary Agreement for the Application of the European Convention on Social Security

European Framework Agreement on Part-Time Work

Preambule, I. General considerations, II. Content, Clause 1 : Purpose, Clause 2 : Scope, Clause 3 : Definitions, Clause 4 : Principle of non-discrimination, Clause 5 : Opportunities for part-time work, Clause 6: Provisions on implementation

European Interim Agreement on Social Security Schemes Relating to Old Age, Invalidity and Survivors and Protocol Thereof

European Interim Agreement on Social Security Other than Schemes for Old Age, Invalidity and Survivors and Protocol Thereof

European Labour Force Survey 1996

European Social Charter

Preamble, Part I, Part II: Article 1 - The right to work, Article 2 - The right to just conditions of work, Article 3 - The right to safe and healthy working conditions, Article 4 - The right to a fair remuneration, Article 5 - The right to organise, Article 6 - The right to bargain collectively, Article 7 - The right of children and young persons to protection, Article 8 - The right of employed women to protection of maternity, Article 9 - The right to vocational guidance, Article 10 - The right to vocational training, Article 11 - The right to protection of health, Article 12 - The right to social security, Article 13 - The right to social and medical assistance, Article 14 - The right to benefit from social welfare services, Article 15 - The right of persons with disabilities to independence, social integration and participation in the life of the community, Article 16 - The right of the family to social, legal and economic protection, Article 17 - The right of children and young persons to social, legal and economic protection, Article 18 - The right to engage in a gainful occupation in the territory of other Parties, Article 19 - The right of migrant workers and their families to protection and assistance, Article 20 - The right to equal opportunities and equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation without discrimination on the grounds of sex, Article 21 - The right to information and consultation, Article 22 - The right to take part in the determination and improvement of the working conditions and working environment, Article 23 - The right of elderly persons to social protection, Article 24 - The right to protection in cases of termination of employment, Article 25 - The right of workers to the protection of their claims in the event of the insolvency of their employer, Article 26 - The right to dignity at work, Article 27 - The right of workers with family responsibilities to equal opportunities and equal treatment, Article 28 - The right of workers’ representatives to protection in the undertaking and facilities to be accorded to them, Article 29 - The right to information and consultation in collective redundancy procedures, Article 30 - The right to protection against poverty and social exclusion, Article 31 - The right to housing, Part III: Article A - Undertakings, Article B - Links with the European Social Charter and the 1988 Additional Protocol, Part IV: Article C - Supervision of the implementation of the undertakings contained in this Charter, Article D - Collective complaints, Part V: Article E - Non-discrimination, Article F - Derogations in time of war or public emergency, Article G - Restrictions, Article H - Relations between the Charter and domestic law or international agreements, Article I - Implementation of the undertakings given, Article J - Amendments, Part VI: Article K - Signature, ratification and entry into force, Article L - Territorial application, Article M - Denunciation, Article N - Appendix, Article O - Notifications, APPENDIX

European Systems of Worker Involvement

I. THE INSTITUTIONAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND, II. APPROACH AND PROPOSALS RELATING TO THE EUROPEAN COMPANY STATUTE, III. CONCLUSIONS

European Union (EU)

Member States, Objectives, History, Institutions, Treaty of Amsterdam, EU Enlargement

European Union Annual Economic Report 1997

Chapter 2: Key structural challenges facing the Community: 2.1. Technological progress, 2.2. Globalisation: 2.2.1. Trade, 2.2.2. Foreign direct investment, 2.2.3 Financial capital movements, 2.2.4. Economic implications, 2.3. Competitiveness, 2.4. Capital-labour substitution and employment growth, 2.4.1. Substitution of labour by capital, 2.4.2. Substitution and wage developments, 2.5. Policy implications

European Works Council or procedure for information and consultation of employees in undertakings

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up

EU Unemployment 1996

EU Unemployment Steady

The Evolution and Performance of UK Privatization

Extraordinary European Council Meeting on Employment

PART I: THE EMPLOYMENT CHALLENGE: A NEW APPROACH, A FAVOURABLE ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT, A COORDINATED STRATEGY FOR NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT POLICIES, COMMUNITY POLICIES IN SUPPORT OF EMPLOYMENT, NEW INITIATIVES SPECIFICALLY GEARED TO DEVELOPING EMPLOYMENT, PART II: THE 1998 GUIDELINES: I. IMPROVING EMPLOYABILITY, II. DEVELOPING ENTREPRENEURSHIP, III. ENCOURAGING ADAPTABILITY IN BUSINESSES AND THEIR EMPLOYEES, IV. STRENGTHENING THE POLICIES FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES

Foreign Firms in EU Member States' Service Economy

Global Development Finance: Europe and Central Asia

Debt outstanding, Sources of long term finance, Stock of debt, Debt to export ratio, Aggregate resources flows, Composition of private flows, Foreign direct investment, FDI by country

Green Paper on Relations between the EU and the ACP Countries

Forword, PART I A WORLD IN TURMOIL: CHAPTER I. GLOBAL CHANGES AFFECTING ACP-EU RELATIONS, CHAPTER II. THE EXPERIENCE OF ACP-EU COOPERATION, CHAPTER III. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGE IN ACP STATES: LIMITING FACTORS AND POTENTIAL, PART TWO: A BLUEPRINT FOR ACP-EU RELATIONS AS THE 21st CENTURY APPROACHES, CHAPTER IV. TOWARDS A NEW PARTNERSHIP, CHAPTER V. OPTIONS FOR A NEW EU COOPERATION POLICY WITH THE ACP STATES, CHAPTER VI. OPTIONS FOR A NEW PRACTICE IN THE FIELD OF FINANCIAL AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION, FOLLOW-UP TO THE GREEN PAPER

Introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up

Joint Employment Report 1997

1. INTRODUCTION, 2. GROWTH AND EMPLOYMENT SITUATION AND OUTLOOK, 3. EMPLOYMENT POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES IN MEMBER STATES: 3.1. MAKING POLICIES MORE EMPLOYMENT-FRIENDLY: 3.1.1. Activation of Labour Market Policies, 3.1.2. Reforming Taxation Systems, 3.1.3. Wage Policy, 3.2. TACKLING STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS IN THE LABOUR MARKET: 3.2.1. Combatting Long-Term Unemployment, 3.2.2. Integrating Young People into the Labour Market, 3.2.3. Promoting Equal Opportunities in Employment, 3.3. ADAPTING TO CHANGE: 3.3.1. Education, Training and Life-long Learning, 3.3.2. Work Organisation and Working Time, 3.3.3. The Role of Social Partners, 3.4. STRENGTHENING THE LOCAL DIMENSION, 3.4.1. Job Creation Initiatives and Local Involvement, 3.4.2. Increased Role and Decentralisation of Employment Services, 3.5. SUPPORT FOR EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION IN MEMBER STATES PROVIDED BY THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS, Annexes: The Employment Indicators, List of Examples of Best Practices Suggested by Member States

Labour Cost in EU Countries

Migrants in Europe

Minimum Wage Ranges from 42% to 59% of Average Earnings in EU

Modernising and Improving Social Protection in the European Union

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, 1. A EUROPEAN DEBATE ABOUT THE FUTURE OF SOCIAL PROTECTION: 1.1 The contributions to the debate, 1.2 The challenge: The need to modernise and improve European social protection systems, 2. THE KEY ISSUES FOR MODERNISATION: 2.1 Social protection as a productive factor, 2.2 Making social protection more employment-friendly, 2.3 Adapting social protection to the demographic ageing of European societies, 2.4 Adapting social protection to the change in the gender balance: towards an individualisation of rights, 2.5 Improving social protection for people moving within the Union, 3. SUPPORTING THE ADAPTATION PROCESS THROUGH ACTION AT EUROPEAN LEVEL

Partnership for a New Organisation of Work

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, INTRODUCTION, I. TOWARDS A NEW ORGANISATION OF WORK - WHY AND HOW ?, II. POLICY CHALLENGES AND NEW PARTNERSHIPS, III. THE CONSULTATION PROCESS

Part-time Work in EU

Privatization and the Genesis of the Multinational Power Company: Underlying Factors and Regional Trends

United Kingdom, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, France, Italy, and Portugal, Hungary, Poland, Russia, and the Czech Republic

Organisation of working time

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up, Commission implementing measures

Private Sector Expansion in Central Europe

Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia

Privatization in Socialist and Former Socialist Nations

Russia: Overhauling the Industry, Gazprom, the World´s Gas Company Giant, Foreign Investment, Caspian Region, The Pipeline Debate, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Eastern Europe: Economies in Transition, Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania

Profiles of Petroleum Privatizations in OECD Countries

Introduction, The United Kingdom, France, Italy, Canada, Spain, Norway

Protection of pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and women who are breastfeeding

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References

Protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to chemical, physical and biological agents at work

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up, Commission implementing measures

Protection of young people at work

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up, Commission implementing measures

Range of hours, part-time workers, and fixed-term contracts in EU

Registered unemployment in the transition countries, 1994-1996

Seasonally Adjusted Unemployment Rates in EU

Shopping in Central Europe

Social protection in the EU

Statute for a European association

Objective, Proposal, Contents, Opinion of the European Parliament, Current Status of the proposal, References

Statute for a European Cooperative Society

Objective, Proposal, Contents, Opinion of the European Parliament, Current Status of the proposal, References

Statute for a European Mutual Society

Objective, Proposal, Contents, Opinion of the European Parliament, Current Status of the proposal, References

Still a Big Pay Gap between Men and Women

Transfers of undertakings - Safeguards of employees' rights and Memorandum on Acquired Rights of Workers in Cases of Transfers of Undertakings

Objective, Community measures, Contents, Deadline for implementation, Date of entry into force, References, Follow-up

INTRODUCTION, 1 SCOPE: 1.1 Which countries?, 1.2 Which undertakings?, 1.3 Which employees?, 1.4 Which operations?: 1.4.1 Fundamental concept, 1.4.2 Change of employer, 1.4.3 Successive transfers, 1.4.4 Transfer operations associated with insolvency proceedings, 2 CONSEQUENCES OF TRANSFER: 2.1 Transfer of rights and obligations to the transferee, 2.2 Transfer of undertaking and collective agreement applicable, 2.3 Transfer of undertaking and changes in working conditions, 2.4 Non-entitlement to waive the rights conferred by the Directive, 2.5 Non-application of the Directive to benefits outside statuory social security schemes, 2.6 Protection against dismissal, 2.7 Protection of functions of the employees' representative, 3 INFORMATION AND CONSULTATION, 4 CONCLUSION, ANNEXES

Treaty of Amsterdam

Section I : Freedom, Security and Justice, Section II : The Union and the Citizen, Section III : External Policy, Section IV : The Union's Institutions, Section V : Closer cooperation-"Flexibility", Section VI: Simplification and consolidation of the Treaties

Violations of Trade Union Rights in Europe

Introduction, ALBANIA C87/C98, BELARUS C87/C98, BELGIUM C87/C98, BULGARIA C87/C98, CROATIA C87/C98, CZECH REPUBLIC C87/C98, GERMANY C87/C98, HUNGARY C87/C98, KOSOVO, LITHUANIA C87/C98, ROMANIA C87/C98, RUSSIAN FEDERATION C87/C98, SERBIA, SPAIN C87/C98, UKRAINE C87/C98, UNITED KINGDOM C87/C98

White Paper on Foreign Direct Investment: Europe

White Paper on International Trade: Europe

(1) Western Europe: Economy Recovering From Slowdown, [1] Trends in Trade , [2] Changes in Trade Environment , [3] Developments in Trade with Japan , Economic Indicators, (2) CIS and Eastern Europe: Growing Eastern European Trade Deficit and Russian Trade Surplus , [1] Trends in Trade , [2] Changes in Trade Environment , [3] Developments in Trade with Japan , Economic Indicators

White Paper on Sectors and Activities Excluded from the Working Time Directive

INTRODUCTION, PART ONE : BACKGROUND AND ANALYSIS: The Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers, The Working Time Directive, Public Safety, The Problem: The nature and extent of the exclusion, Self employed, Employment in the excluded sectors, Legal and Contractual Situation in the Member States, Action at Community Level: Joint Committees and Studies, Sector-by-sector analysis and assessment: Road Transport, Rail Transport, Urban Transport, Inland Waterways, Air Transport, Sea Transport, Sea Fishing, Other Work at Sea, Doctors in Training, PART TWO : OPTIONS: Criteria for action, Policy Options: Option 1 : Non binding approach, Option 2 : Purely sectoral approach, Option 3 : Differentiated approach, Option 4 : Purely horizontal approach, PART THREE : THE WAY FORWARD: Proposed Course of Action, CONCLUSIO, ANNEX

Working on European Social Policy

1. Introduction: The NGO Platform, Report of the Comité des Sages, New trends in society, 2. Positions, Social demands : a source of dynamism and development, Parliament calls for the inclusion of a social dimension in the Treaty, Session I : Equal opportunities, Session II : Employment, Session IV : The future of working life in the information society, 3. Conclusions

 


Globalization and Workers' Rights

HOME
GLOBALIZATION
NATIONAL FRAMEWORK
MULTINATIONALS
INVESTMENT FUNDS
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR LAW
CODES OF CONDUCT FOR MULTINATIONALS
CORPORATE CODES OF CONDUCT
LABOUR MARKET TRENDS
AND GLOBALIZATION'S IMPACT

International Labour Office
Bureau for Workers' Activities
CH-1211 Geneva 22
Fax: +41 22 799 6570
ACTRAV Homepage: http://www.ilo.org/actrav/